Maulana Abul Kalam Azad jinhen bhool jana mushkil hi nahi na-mumkin hai

November 11th, 2019

Hyderabad: Maulana Abul Kalam azad Hindustan ko azadi ki Nemat milnay ke baad mulk ke sab se pehlay wazeer-e-taleem bane, chunkay Maulana azad ki youm-e-paidaiesh 11 November hai lehaza is munasibat se 11 November ko Hindustan mein youm-e-taleem manaaya jata hai lekin is mutasib daur mein Moulana ke Hindustan ki azadi, hindu muslim ittehaad aur azad Hindustan ko taleem ke zareya taraqqi Yafta bananay ki giran qader aur na qabil faramosh khidmaat ko faramosh karne ki sazishain ki jarahi lekin ye mazmoon unki khidmaat ko yaad karte hue unki khidmaat ko kharaj pesh karne ki ek koshish ke alawa aaj ki nai nasal ko is Hero se mulaqat karwana aur unkay karnamoun se inhen waaqif karwane ki ek koshish hai.

Maulana Azad ki paidaiesh aur taaruf

Maulana Abul Kalam azad ki hama geer shakhsiyat kisi taaruf ke mohtaaj nahi. unki shakhsiyat ke bohat se pehlu hain. woh agar Mujahid azadi they to ek Aalam-e-deen bhi they. inhen Quran, fiqa-ilm al kalam, ilm al hadis par ghair mamooli Khudrat haasil thi. ek azeem khateeb zabardast sahafi, aala martaba Mujtahid , azeem Danishwer , buland paya mufakkir, falsafi aur jung azadi ke azeem qaumi rehnuma the.

Maulana ne mulk ki jadd-o-jahd azadi mein bohat ahem Rule ada kiya balkay yun kaha jaye to ghalat na hoga ke maulana ki azadi ke liye ki jaaney wali jadd-o-jahed ke unginat nuqoosh Mahatma Gandhi Jee par dekhe jasakte hain. Aap ne is mulk-wo-qoum ke liye jo khidmaat anjaam di hain wo hamesha hamesha yaad rakhi jayengi.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad 11 November 1888 ko duniya ke muqaddas tareen muqam Mecca Moazzama mein paeda hue. Arabi aap ki maadri zabaan thi. 1895 mein woh Calcutta pohanche. yahan unki ba-qaida taleem shuru hui.

Allah-taala ne inhen Hafza aur zahanat ki doulat se farakh dili ke sath nawaza tha. unhoun ne 13-14 baras ki Umar mein fiqa, hadees, mantaq aur adbiyat par uboor haasil karliya tha. 1902 tak aap ki ibtidayi taleem ka silsila mukammal hochuka tha. Aapne waalid Maulana khair uddin ke alawa molvi ibrahim, molvi Mohammad Umar , molvi Saadat hussain waghera se ibtidayi taleem haasil ki. Aap ne 10-11 baras ki Umar mein shair goi ka aaghaz kiya aur molvi abdul wahed ki tajweez par azad Tahalus pasand kiya. baad mein nasr nigari ki taraf tavajja ki.

Maulana azad aur quran hakeem       

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad nay quran-o-hadees-o-fiqa ka gehra mutalea kya. Maulana ka aqeedah tha ke quran hamari zindagi ke har shobay mein hamari rahnumai karta hai. Moulana adbi, samaji, tareekhi aur siyasi tahreeron mein quran ke hawalay mojood hain. Ranchi qiyam ke zamane mein tarjuman al quran tarteeb diya aur fiqa islami ki roshni mein Namaz-o-zakaat aur Nikah waghera tasaneef mukammal ki .

Maulana Abul Kalaam azad ki urdu adab aur sahaafat mein khidmaat

Maulana ki zindagi ka bada hissa adbi aur siyasi maidan mein guzra. aap ne bohat se rasalon mein mazameen likhay aur kayi adbi risalay shaya kiye. Moulana ne sab se pehla risala mah nama’ ‘ nearing aalam’ ‘ 1899 mein jari kya. is waqt Moulana ki Umar sirf 11-gayarah baras thi. yeh risala 7saath, 8aath mahinay jari raha baad mein Almasbah, Ahsen Aqbar Al Akhbar haft roza pegham, aljamah waghera rasail mein khidmat injaam den. 1909 mein’ ‘ Lisan alsadq  mah nama risala ka pehla shumara calcutta se shaya hawa. is ka awwal maqsad islaah muashrat, dosra maqsad taraqqi, teesra maqsad iIlmi zouq ki ashaat aur choutha maqsad tanqeed yani urdu tasaneef ka munsifana jaiza lena.

Maulana Abul Kalaam azad aur hindu muslim ittehaad

Maulana ney 31 July 1906 ko haft roza’ ‘ al halal’ ‘ ka pehla shumara shaya kya. is ka ahem maqsad hinduo aur musalmanoon mein ittehaad peda karna tha. al halal musalmanoon ki mili ghairat, imani hararat aur mzhbi Hamiyat ka bara mahaaz ban gaya. al halal mein adbi, Ilmi , siyasi aur tareekhi mazameen shaya hotay they. Samaji-o-tehzibi masail par izhaar khayaal hota. mukhtsiran yeh ke al halal ney urdu sahaafat ko naya rasta dekhaya. al halal hindostan ka pehla akhbar tha jis ney hindustani musalmanoun ko unke siyasi-o-ghair siyasi maqasid ki takmeel aur apne aamaal mein itebaa Shariat ki Talqeen ke sath sath adbi, iIlmi , siyasi aur tareekhi mazameen bhi shaya hotay they. hukoomat ney al halal press ko zabt karliya to Maulana ney al balagh ke naam se dosra akhbar jari kya. jis mein adab, tareekh, mazhab aur muashrat ke masail bayan kiye jatay they. Al balagh ko mazhabi tableegh ka zareya banaya gaya.

Maulana Abul Kalaam azad aur jung azadi

Jung azadi ki taweel jaddujahd mein jo shola bayan muqarrar peda hue un mein Maulana abu kalaam azad ka naam sare fehrist hai. Maulana ek be baak muqarrar the. jab wo kisi mauzo par baat karte the to unka ek khaas proqar aur par Jalal andaaz zahir hota tha. qaryin ki khidmat mein Maulana ki taqreer ka ek hissa pesh kiya jata hai.
” Islam kisi aisay eqdaar ko jaaiz tasleem nahi karta jo shakhsi ho ya chand thankhowa daar ohdedaroun ki Bureaucracy ho wo azadi aur jamhoriat ka ek mukammal nizaam hai jo noo insani ko is ki cheani hui azadi wapas dilanay ke liye aaya hai aur kkhuda ke siwa kisi ensaan ko sazawar nahi ke bandgaan kkhuda ko apna mehkoom aur ghulam banaye .
dr Cattler ke mutabiq mein ny aaj tak aisa muqarrar nahi dekha jis ki zabaan mein Maulana ki zabaan se ziyada mithaas ho. mein ne jab bhi unki taqreer suni hai har baar mehsoos kiya hai ke woh kisi bhi mauzo par bol rahay hain, zabaan unke tabay hoti hai. ghaliban maulana pehlay jallel al-qadar muslim rehnuma the jinhon ne apni zor qowat ke sath hindustan ki mutahidda qomiat ka tasawwur pesh kiya aur usay mulk ke awam o khawaas mein raaij o Rasikh karne ke liye apni tamam tar zehni, iIlmi aur istidlali salahiyaten sirf kar dein. aur wo is terhan siyasat ke maidan mein apni mustaqil mizaji ke sath qaid o band ki savbton ko bardasht karkay hub al-watni, qaumi yakjahti ke aala se aala misalein pesh kee.

Maulana Azad jung azaadi ke ek hero hi nah the balkay unki shakhsiyat mtnoa thi. aap nah sirf musalmanoun ke liye tameeri soch-o-fikar rakhnay walay shola bayan muqarrar aur beedar Jayyad aalam deen hi nah they balkay angrezoun ke khilaaf ladnay walay Mujahid azaadi ke liye ek hosla mand sipah salaar the. Maulana musalmanoon ki new-nai nasal ko qadeem tareekh, tahazeeb-o-tamaddun se roshnaas karanay walay morak bhi the. aur congress party ke liye andheray mein chairag ki hesiyat rakhtay the. unhoun ne zindagi ke aakhri lamhay tak mulk-o-qoum ki khidmat karkay saabit kardiya ke woh hindustan ke sachey suput hai.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad ki qaumi khidmaat ka aitraaf karte hue Gandhi jee ne kaha tha’ ‘ Maulana Indian National Congress ke aala tareen sardar hain aur Hindustani siyasat ka mutalea karne walay har 1 shakhs ko chahiye ke wo is haqeeqat ko nazar andaaz nah kere.
siyasat mein Moulana azad ka nazriya khalis watan parasti aur hindu muslim ittehaad tha. unhoun ne mazhab ka gehra mutalea kiya tha. Maulana siyasi maidan mein qadam rakha tha to kisi zaati mafaad ya naam ki khwahish ke liye nahi tha balkay unka khayaal tha ke musalman jung azadi ke markazi dhaaray se zara bhi htte hai to is se mulk aur qoum ko nuqsaan hoga aur mulk mein nafrat ki deewar khari hojaye gi.

Maulana abul Kalam azad apni taqreer mein woh nihayat hi jazbati aur inqalabi the lekin unke siyasi nazriaat jazbaat ki pedawar nahi the. Maulana ki shakhsiyat ka aitraaf karte hue Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru ne kaha tha ke’ ‘ mein siyasat ka taalib ilm hon aur mein ne siyasat ki kitaaben hindustan mein sab se ziyada parhi hain. Europe ke doray mein siyasat ka qareeb se mutalea karne ka mauqa mila aur mein samjhta hon ke mein siyasat ke aala tareen ilm se waqfiyat haasil karli hai lekin jab hindustan poanch kar Maulana azad se bateey karta ho to maloom hota hai ke wo bohat agay hain.

Maulana abul Kalam Azad aur gubhar khatir

Maulana ke karnamon mein’ ‘ gubhar khatir’ ‘ ko ek ahem imtiazi maqam haasil hai. gubhar khatir Maulana ke is ke khutoot ka majmoa hai jo unhoun ne doosri jung azeem ki nazerbandi ke douran Maulana habib Al Rehman Sherwani ko likhay. is waqt Moulana Ahmed nagar ke qilah mein qaid they. gubhar khatir mein jo khutoot shaamil hain wo khutoot nahi balkay mukhtalif mauzo par انشایئے hain, baddi tadaad mein gubhar khatir ke khutoot nasri nazam ki tareef par poray utartay hain. gubhar khatir Maulana ke khutoot ka pehla majmoa tha jisay Ajmel Khan ne muratab karkay 1946 mein shaya kya. dosra majmoa karwaan khayal hai, jisay Shahid Khan Sherwani ne shaya kiya tha. unke khutoot ka ek aur majmoa Barkat azad ke naam se shaya hawa hai. jis mein Maulana syed Sulaiman nadvy, abdalmajed darya abadi, niaz fatah poori, khawaja hussain Nizami waghera ke naam khutoot shaamil hain.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad ba-haisyat Wazeer-e-Taleem

taweel jaddujahd ke baad jab hamaray pyare mulk hindustan ko azaadi mili to mulk mein aboori hukoomat qaim hui. abtada Maulana Azad is mein shareek nahi the lekin pandit nehru ke israar par hukoomat mein shaamil hue aur wizarat taleem aur scienci tehqiqaat ke qalam daan ki zimma daari bah husn wo khubi nibhai. bakol azad wizarat taleem ki zimma daari sambhaalte hi mein ne pehla faisla jo liya woh ye tha ke mulk mein Alla-o-fanni taleem ke husool ke liye saholaten faraham ki jayen takay khud hum apni zarurten poori karen. mein is din ka muntazir hon jab hindustan mein bahar se log aakar science aur fanni taleem mein tarbiyat haasil kare.

un maqasid ki takmeel ke liye Maulana ne kayi ahem aur thos qadam uthaye aur unhoun ne kayi idaroun ka qiyam amal mein laya. University Grants Commission, Indian Council far Agriculture and Scientific Research, India Council for Medical Research, Indian council for Science Research waghera, Central Council for Industrial Research idaray ko mutharrak banatay hue unhon ne is mein tehreek peda kiya aur Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore ki tosee-o-taraqqi ki. National Council for Technical Education ke tavassut se mulk mein technical education ka jaal bachhadya..

Maulana azad ka ek aur bara karnaama yeh bhi hai ke unhoun ne fanni taleem o tarbiyat ke liye 1951 mein khadakpur Institute of Higher Technology ke qiyam ko amal mein laya. Moulana azad aakhri dam tak mulk ki Aala aur fanni taleem ke liye hamesha koshan rahay. jadeed Hindustan mein 1947 se 1957 tak fanni taleem ki sahulaton aur unse istifada kanndgan ka jaiza is baat ko zahir karta hai ke Maulana ke daur wizarat mein Aala aur fanni taleem ke irtiqa ke liye jo karhaye numaya injaam diye, rehti duniya tak mulk ke awam usay yaad rakhen ge. neez jadeed Hindustan ki taamer mein Maulana ne ahem hissa ada kya. aalam Islam khusosan hindustan ki yeh roshan tareen shama 22 feb 1958  ko Gul hogayi aur Dehli ke prayed ground mein jame masjid aur laal qilah ke darmiyan inhen supurd lahad kiya gaya. –YTN STAFF