Note bandi aur GST, nojawan tabqa mazdoori par majboor

October 22nd, 2019

New Delhi: Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee act (manarega) mein 18 taa 30 saal ke nojawan mazdooron ki tadaad lahatar kum ho rahi thi lekin taaza adaad o shumaar ke mutabiq ek martaba phir nojawan tabqa mazdoori ki taraf barhta hwa nazar aa raha hai. yeh tabdeeli Note bandi aur GST ke nifaz ke baad dekhnay ko mil rahi hai. is ko dekh kar aisa mehsoos ho raha hai ke nojawan tabqa jo dhere dhere mazdoori se duur ja raha tha phir se mazdoor ban’nay ke liye majaboor ho gaya hai .

waisay is silsilay mein abhi yeh wazeh nahi hai ke nojawan tabqa ki mazdoori ki taraf raghbat ki asal wajah note bandi aur GST hi hai lekin mahireen neh kaha hai ke yeh rujhan dehi ilaaqon mein aeye muashi bohraan aur mulazmat ke ghatte imkanaat ko zahir karta hai. manarega ke tehat kaam karne walay logon ki Umar ke mutaliq adaad o shumarta tajzia karne par yeh ishara milta hai ke 18 se 30 saal walay logon ke work force mein maali saal 2018-2017 ke baad izafah honay laga. yakeeni rozgaar walay is mansoobah mein nojawan mazdooron yani 18 se 30 saal ki Umar ke mazdooron ki tadaad saal 2014-2013 mein ek crore thi jo ke 2018-2017 mein ghatt kar 58. 69 laakh reh gayi lekin ab yeh tadaad phir bherne lagi hai aur 2019-2018 mein tadaad 70. 71 laakh poanch gayi hai .

nojawan mazdooron ki tadaad mein izafay ki yeh raftaar rawan maali saal mein bhi jari hai. 21 october 2019 taq ke adaad o shumaar par nazar dalain to manarega ke tehat kaam karne walay aisay nojawanon ki tadaad 57. 57 laakh pahonch gayi hai. 2014-2013 mein kal manarega  mazdooron mein nojawan mazdooron ki shiraakat daari 13. 64 feesad thi. 2018-2017 mein yeh ghatt kar 7. 73 feesad ho gayi. phir 19-2018 mein yeh shiraakat daari barh kar 9. 1 feesad jab ke 20-2019 mein yeh 10. 06 feesad ho gayi .

manarega  se marboot an jee o mazadoor kisaan

shakti snghatan ke baani rukan nkhl day ne kaha ke yeh maeeshat mein bohraan ka daur hai. nojawanon ke liye halaat theek nahi hain. unhein apni taleem jari rakhni hai aur rozi rootti ka bhi intizam karna hai. jab unhein mulazmat nahi millti to woh manarega  ka rukh karte hain. manarega un ke liye kaam chalau intizam ki terhan hai .

wazeh rahay ke modi hukoomat neh November 2016 mein 500 aur 1000 ke noton ko band karne ka faisla kya tha. baad azan yakam July 2017 ko GST nafiz kya gaya tha. un dono hi faislon ka maeeshat par gehra asar para. bohat saaray mahireen is bohraan ko note bandi aur GST ke tanazur mein hi dekh rahay hain. 2017-2016 mein jahan GDP growth ki raftaar 8. 2 feesad thi wahein anay walay barson mein yeh lagataar dheemi hoti gayi. 2019-2018 mein maeeshat ki raftaar 6. 8 feesad thi .

adaad o shumaar batatay hain ke haliya barson mean manarega  mein kaam karne walay mazdooron ki jumla tadaad mein bhi izafah sun-hwa hai. misaal ke tor par 2014-2013 mein manarega  ke tehat 7. 95 crore logon ko rozgaar mila. 2015-2014 mein yeh tadaad ghatt kar 6. 71 crore reh gayi. halaank is ke baad yeh tadaad bherne lagi. 2016-2015 mein manarega  mazdooron ki tadaad 7. 21 crore, 2017-2016 mein 7. 65 crore aur 19-2018 mein yeh 7. 76 crore ho gayi. rawan maali saal ke douran manarega  ke tehat kaam karne walay kal mazdooron ki tadaad 21 october 2019 taq 5. 72 crore poanch chuki hai .